Avoiding collisions is a fundamentally important aspect of managing flying risk. Effective lookout is the primary method of avoiding collision. Pilots can reduce risk by planning to avoid the situations that can lead to mid-air conflict, by attempting to be predictive (ie following established good practice and protocols), and by understanding the protocols and rules of the air.

Lookout is the primary method of collision avoidance in class G airspace. You can help to keep yourself and others safe by making the most of the following six attributes that are available to pilots;
  • Eyes – lookout – for at least 80% of the time – and develop a robust scanning technique.
  • Ears – communicate by listening, and where appropriate, talking on the radio to enhance situational awareness.
  • Foresight – fly defensively, with vigilance, courtesy and consideration for others (good airmanship!). Try to be predictable, particularly in the circuit and in thermals, on a ridge, etc.
  • Insight – review your understanding of operations in class G airspace, rules of the air and procedures. Be aware of and follow the Soaring Protocol.
  • Advertise – if available, make your presence known with FLARM. If cruising for extended periods of time, move around a bit to improve your visual conspicuity – and if flying a TMG, cruise at an odd altitude.
  • Prioritise – time share cockpit tasks to avoid distractions compromising your lookout.

>>> https://members.gliding.co.uk/safety/managing-flying-risk-index/managing-flying-risk-collision-avoidance/